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Enhanced Content Models is a framework for describing content models in a machine readable way. This enables services to validate objects in Fedora, and to have services understand data models and act on them. For instance, the GUI provided with DOMS automatically generates a user interface for editing metadata for any data model defined in DOMS.

Furthermore, Enhanced Content Models provide a way to define views on objects, that consists of a bundle of objects viewed as a hole. For instance, if different data objects describe CD's and tracks on CD's, a view may define a CD with all its tracks.

Also, ECM provides a functionality for generating new objects, by cloning templates.


Enhanced content models come with a framework for validating data objects for conformance with their content models. This can be enabled on ingest, as well as being periodically checked.

Fedora Enhanced Content Models

Fedora is at the core of the new DOMS (Digital Object Management System) being developed at the State and University Library. For this system, we needed more powerful content models. More specifically, we needed content models the describe the xml schema for datastreams, cardinality restrictions on relations and allowed types for the target of relations. In addition, we needed to retain compability with the original fedora system.

We did this by enhancing the DS-COMPOSITE-MODEL datastream in content models, and adding the ONTOLOGY datastream to content models. The ONTOLOGY datastream specify restrictions on relations. DS-COMPOSITE-MODEL specify a location for an xml schema for the described datastream.

To make sure the repository stayed consistent, we build a webservice to validate objects. Given a pid, this webservice will look to the object's content models, and validate the object against the definitions there.

All we needed now was a way to make sure that the validator was run after all changes, and only changes that did not produce errors were allowed. This was complicated by the fact that "a change" to an object might not be the same as "one call to API-M", but rather a series of calls. Fedora already has a STATE property for each object, restricted to the values "Active", "Inactive" and "Deleted". There seem to be no predefined meaning attached to this state, so we added our own.

We used the decorator system for the Management module to add the following meaning. If an object is in the "Active" state, the only allowed change is changing state to "Inactive". All other changing API-M methods throws exceptions. So, you cannot change an "Active" object, without making it "Inactive" first. Then, in "Inactive" all changes are allowed, but when you try to change the state back to "Ative", the validator webservice is invoked. If the object passes validation, the state is changed, otherwise the operation throws an exception with an error report message.

So, the meaning attached to the state is now:

Active: The object is published and available. The object has been validated against the content models that describes it.
Inactive: The object is not publicly available. It is not guaranteed to be valid in regards to the content models that describes it.
Deleted: The object is deleted, and should not be available to anyone. It is in no way guaranteed to be valid. It is still in the repository, and special administration tools should be able to resurrect it.
For further description and code look to the children of this page

Presentations by Asger Askov-Blekinge

I gave a presentation at the Developers Happiness Days (dev8d) in February 2009. The slides can be found here

I gave a presentation at the "2nd European Workshop on the Use of Digital Object Repository Systems in Digital Libraries (DORSDL2)", the slides of which can be found here. This version is now somewhat outdated.

sub topics

An OWL LITE ontology for Fedora 3.0 objects

Fedora is a store for digital objects. The exact way they are stored is not important for this discussion. What is important is that the Fedora digital objects have RDF relations to each other. I.e. the Fedora digital object repository can be modeled as an RDF graph.

Datastream schemas ~(Asger)

Endnu uden indhold. Konsulter med Asger ang indhold.

Sample Content Model ~ (Asger)

Not shown, might not be needed since there are siblings with examples.

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