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Table of Contents

If the deploy software is not adequate for the installation needed, this section will give some hints on how to distribute and install the NetarchiveSuite software on a number of machines.

In the examples below, we assume that $deployInstallDir is set to the directory in which the NetarchiveSuite code is to be installed.

We assume that all machines in the chosen scenario are unix/linux servers. The procedure below may not work on other platforms. After having created the new settings to be used in the deployment of the software, zip together the NetarchiveSuite files including the new settings and copy the modified to all machines taking part in the deployment:

Code Block
export USER=test
export MACHINES="machine1.domain1, machine2.domain1, .. machine1.domain2, machine2.domain2"
  scp $USER@$MACHINE:$deployInstallDir
  ssh $USER@$MACHINE "cd $deployInstallDir && unzip"

NetarchiveSuite settings

The NetarchiveSuite settings can be set for applications in three different ways:

  • use default setting
  • in a setting file
  • on command line

Using NetarchiveSuite default settings

If no settings are set, the default setting is used. Please refer to the [Configuration Manual 3.16#DefaultSettings] for more information on these.

Setting NetarchiveSuite settings on the command line

To set the value of a setting on the command line, add "-Dkey=value" to your java command line, for instance:

Code Block
  java -Dsettings.common.http.port=8076 dk.netarkivet.common.webinterface.GUIApplication

will override the setting for the http port to be 8076.

Setting NetarchiveSuite settings with settings files

To set the values using a configuration file, save the settings in an XML file as described above. By default, NetarchiveSuite will look for the settings file in conf/settings.xml, that is: the file settings.xml under the directory conf from the current working directory. You can override this, by specifying -Ddk.netarkivet.settings.file=path/to/settings.file.xml on the commandline, for instance:

Code Block
  java -Ddk.netarkivet.settings.file=/home/netarchive/guisettings.xml dk.netarkivet.common.webinterface.GUIApplication

will read settings from the file /home/netarchive/guisettings.xml .

You can even specify multiple configuration files, if you wish. You do this by separating the paths with ':' on unix/linux/MacOS or ';' on windows. For instance:

Code Block
  java -Ddk.netarkivet.settings.file=guisettings.xml:basicsettings.xml dk.netarkivet.common.webinterface.GUIApplication

will read settings from both guisettings.xml and basicsettings.xml in the current directory.

The order of resolving NetarchiveSuite settings

If a setting is set on both command line and in settings files, or if it is set in multiple settings files, the setting is resolved as follows:

  • If the setting is set with system properties (i.e. set on the command line), use these
  • Else if the setting is specified in configuration files, use the '''first''' specified value
  • Else use default value

As an example, consider the resulting value for http-port (knowing that the default value is empty) when using the following two configuration files:


Code Block


Code Block

The following command will use the value empty string as http-port:

Code Block
java dk.netarkivet.common.webinterface.GUIApplication

The following command will use the value 8078 as http-port:

Code Block
  java -Ddk.netarkivet.settings.file=settings1.xml:settings2.xml -Dsettings.common.http.port=8078 dk.netarkivet.common.webinterface.GUIApplication

The following command will use the value 8076 as http-port:

Code Block
  java -Ddk.netarkivet.settings.file=settings1.xml:settings2.xml dk.netarkivet.common.webinterface.GUIApplication

The following command will use the value 8077 as http-port:

Code Block
  java -Ddk.netarkivet.settings.file=settings2.xml:settings1.xml dk.netarkivet.common.webinterface.GUIApplication

Standard commandline settings


The CLASSPATH needed to start and run the java applications in NetarchiveSuite consists of several jarfiles. The dk.netarkivet.common.jar and all our 3rd party dependencies need not be added explicitly to the CLASSPATH, as they are referenced indirectly in the jar-files.

Code Block
export deployInstallDir=/path/to/netarchiveSuite
export CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH:$deployInstallDir/lib/netarchivesuite-harvester-core.jar
export CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH:$deployInstallDir/lib/netarchivesuite-harvest-scheduler.jar
export CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH:$deployInstallDir/lib/netarchivesuite-netarchivesuite-heritrix3-controller.jar
export CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH:$deployInstallDir/lib/netarchivesuite-heritrix3-extensions.jar
export CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH:$deployInstallDir/lib/netarchivesuite-heritrix3-wrapper.jar
export CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH:$deployInstallDir/lib/netarchivesuite-archive-core.jar
export CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH:$deployInstallDir/lib/netarchivesuite-wayback-indexer.jar
export CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH:$deployInstallDir/lib/netarchivesuite-monitor-core.jar



We use the apache.commons.logging.logback and SL4J as logging framework, so we need to point to the wanted logger-class (eg. org.apache.commons.logging.impl.Jdk14Logger) as well as to the logging configuration file. refer to a logback.configurationFile. You may want to use different logging properties for different applications, especially when more than one application logs to the same logging directory. E.g. you want the change line java.util.logging.FileHandler.pattern=./log/APPID%u.log in the conf/log.prop file to something different.

Code Block
export LOG_SETTINGS="-Dorg.apache.commons.logging.Log=org.apache.commons.logging.impl.Jdk14Logger \

Note that if you use the MonitorSiteSectionStatusSiteSection, your logging properties logback config-file must contain the handler appender dk.netarkivet.monitor.logging.CachingLogHandlerCachingSL4JAppender.

Code Block
handlers=java.util.logging.FileHandler,java.util.logging.ConsoleHandler, \

JMX settings

<appender name="MONITOR" class="dk.netarkivet.monitor.logging.CachingSLF4JAppender">
        <filter class="ch.qos.logback.classic.filter.LevelFilter">
        <pattern>%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS} [%thread] %-5level %logger{64} - %msg%n</pattern>

Each application instance has its own JMX- and RMI port. For example the JMX port could be 8100 and the associated RMI port 8200, as in the example below, for the first application instance on the machine , then 8101/8201 for the second application instance, and so on. JMX also uses a password-file, which is the same throughout the installation ($deployInstallDir/conf/jmxremote.password)

Code Block
export JMX_SETTINGS="-Dsettings.common.jmx.port=8100 -Dsettings.common.jmx.rmiPort=8200"

Note: For the StatusSiteSection to work, your logging must be configured to use java.util.logging with the dk.netarkivet.monitor.logging.CachingLogHandlerCachingSL4JAppender enabled, see Command Line Logging section (This is done automatically, if the NetarchiveSuite deploy software is used to configure and install your NetarchiveSuite installation).

Select the appropriate settings.file for the application

The conf/settings.xml (the new one configured to your environment) is probably OK for most applications. But you may need to use special purpose settings-files for some applications, e.g. BitarchiveApplications (since you can't allocate more than one baseFileDir on the commandline). The settings file used in an application can be specified by:

Code Block
export SETTING=-Ddk.netarkivet.settings.file=$deployInstallDir/conf/settings.xml

JVM options

We need to set the maximum Java heap size to 1.5 Gbytes. You may use this to change that or add other JVM options.

Code Block
export JAVA_OPTS=-Xmx1536m

Admin machine

On the admin machine, we have to start the following 5 applications:

  • 1 GUIApplication.
  • 1 HarvestJobManagerApplication (handles the scheduling of jobs)
  • 2 instances of BitarchiveMonitorApplication (Controlling the access to a single bitarchive replica), one for each bitarchive replicas (e.g. EAST and WEST).
  • 1 ARCRepositoryApplication (this application handles access to the bitarchive replicas).

Starting the GUIApplication

Before, we can start the GUIApplication, the external database needs to started in advance (The deploy software does for you if the external database is a derby database).

We also need to prepare the JSP-pages. You can unzip the war-files in the webpages directory as below:

Code Block
cd $deployInstallDir/webpages
rm -rf BitPreservation
unzip -o BitPreservation.war -d BitPreservation
rm -rf HarvestDefinition
unzip -o HarvestDefinition.war -d HarvestDefinition
rm -rf History
unzip -o History.war -d History
rm -rf QA
unzip -o QA.war -d QA
rm -rf Status
unzip -o Status.war -d Status

Or you can update your settings.xml file to refer to the war-files instead of the unpacked directories, for instance

Code Block
                <!-- A subclass of SiteSection that defines this part of the
                     web interface. -->
                <!-- The directory or war-file containing the web application
                     for this site section.-->

and similar for other sitesections.

Now we are ready to start the application:

Code Block
cd $deployInstallDir
export APP=dk.netarkivet.common.webinterface.GUIApplication

Starting the BitarchiveMonitorApplication instances

In the general set-up with two distributed bitarchive replicas, we have a BitarchiveMonitorApplication associated with each replica. Here the replicas are ReplicaOne (with replicaId ONE) and ReplicaTwo (with replicaId TWO).

To distinguish the two instances from each other, we use the '''settings.common.applicationInstanceId''' setting, which is used as a identifier (here we use BMONE and BMTWO) as the two identifiers.

Start the monitor for bitarchive at ReplicaOne using BMONE as identifier thus:

Code Block
cd $deployInstallDir
export APP_OPTIONS="-Dsettings.common.archive.bitarchive.useReplicaId=ONE  \
export APP=dk.netarkivet.archive.bitarchive.BitarchiveMonitorApplication

Start the monitor for the bitarchive at ReplicaTwo using BMTWO as identifier thus:

Code Block
cd $deployInstallDir
export APP_OPTIONS="-Dsettings.common.archive.bitarchive.useReplicaId=TWO \
export APP=dk.netarkivet.archive.bitarchive.BitarchiveMonitorApplication
  • one ARCRepository (this application handles all access to the bitarchives).
Code Block
cd $deployInstallDir
export APP=dk.netarkivet.archive.arcrepository.ArcRepositoryApplication

Harvester machines

On each harvester machine, we have one or more HarvestControllerApplications. Settings related to the HarvestControllerApplication are

  • setting.common.applicationInstanceId (to distinguish between HarvestControllerApplications running on same machine)
  • (to select which of two harvest channels to accept jobs from: either a named selective harvest channel, or the snapshot channel. See Harvest Channels for further information.
  • settings.harvester.harvesting.minSpaceLeft (how many bytes ''must'' be available in the serverdir to accept crawljobs). The default is 400000000 (~400 Mbytes).
  • settings.harvester.harvesting.bundle pointing to the zip file containing the bundled Heritrix3.

In the following, a snapshot harvest HarvestControllerApplication is started with application instance id=SEL

Code Block
 cd $deployInstallDir
 export APP_OPTIONS=" -Dsettings.common.applicationInstanceId=SEL"
 export APP=dk.netarkivet.harvester.harvesting.HarvestControllerApplication

Bitarchive machines

For each Replica, you can have BitarchiveServer's installed on one or more machines. We suggest using just one BitarchiveServer for each machine, though it is possible to use more than one.

Each BitarchiveServer can have storage on several filesystems, so if archive-storage is spread over more than one filesystem, you need to modify the settings file like this

Code Block

Starting a BitarchiveServer requires knowing what Replica it resides on, and the credentials required for correcting the data stored in the bitarchive, for ReplicaOne with id ONE this would be:

Code Block
 cd $deployInstallDir
 export APP_OPTIONS="-Dsettings.archive.bitarchive.useReplicaId=ONE \
 export APP=dk.netarkivet.archive.bitarchive.BitarchiveApplication

Access servers

On the access-servers, we deploy any number of ViewerProxyApplication instances, and maybe one IndexServerApplication (only one in all) used to generate indices needed by the harvesters and the ViewerProxyApplication instances.

Code Block
 cd $deployInstallDir
 export APP=dk.netarkivet.archiveharvester.indexserver.IndexServerApplication

Each ViewerproxyApplication instance uses a application instance id(settings.common.applicationInstanceId), and its own distinct base directory (settings.viewerproxy.baseDir). They also belong to a Replica(settings.archive.bitarchive.useReplicaId). In the start sample below, the instance uses application instance id "first" and 'viewerproxy_first' as base directory, and belongs to ReplicaOne with id ONE:

Code Block
 cd $deployInstallDir
 export APP_OPTIONS="-Dsettings.common.applicationInstanceId=first \
    -Dsettings.viewerproxy.baseDir=viewerproxy_first \
 export APP=dk.netarkivet.viewerproxy.ViewerProxyApplication

About the NetarchiveSuite support for wayback, see Additional Tools Manual